Module assembly, operation and End of Life


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Due to the novel assembly method, frameless modules can be produced, saving the aluminium usually used for the frames. Moreover, the modules can be monitored during operation and hence detect malfunction. With the opportunities for repair and reuse at end of live, environmental benefits can be reached.

Monitoring during operation
After assembly, solar modules are usually installed in solar electricity producing fields or on rooftops. Currently, it is hard to discover if an individual module declines fu After discovery if an individual module does not properly function after manufacturing, or when it declines function during use, Apollon’s NICE module can be reopened at end of life and disassembled into its major components. Repair becomes the most sustainable and economic viable solution.
To realise economic viability for disassembly and reuse, automated module disassembly equipment will be designed by Apollon and Ingesea, together with diagnosis tools for quality screening of module components.

bifa will collect data from all process steps in order to assess the environmental impact of the intended innovations. Moreover, it will support partners with identifying waste streams that are costly and hard to recycle, and find opportunities to repurpose those waste products in the solar or other industries.
nction during use, and even when discovered, repair of the module is not yet a viable option as the vast amount of organic materials (EVA for encapsulation, PVF in backsheets) hamper the module from “re-opening” and disassembly into its components.
Apollon’s NICE module can be reopened, giving access to its components. This allows potentially for repair by exchanging defected components when a module is not properly functioning after manufacturing, or when its performance strongly degrades during operation in a PV installation. In both cases repair or recycling, becomes a more sustainable and economic viable solution. In order to realise this, monitoring of malfunction or degradation during manufacturing or during operation is crucial.
Therefore, within the Eco-Solar project, Apollon will look into into monitoring solutions for modules during and at the end of manufacturing as well as in PV installations allowing to identify defected or degrading modules. Apollon will set up a test installation of (10 full size) Eco-Solar modules to investigate ageing and degradation aspects of solar modules during installation, and assess the technological viability to capture and recycle components at end of life, while in cooperation with bifa considering environmental and economic aspects as well.

End-of Life, reuse and recycling of solar modules
After discovery if an individual module does not properly function after manufacturing, or when it declines function during use, Apollon’s NICE module can be reopened at end of life and disassembled into its major components. Repair becomes the most sustainable and economic viable solution.
To realise economic viability for disassembly and reuse, automated module disassembly equipment will be designed by Apollon and Ingesea, together with diagnosis tools for quality screening of module components.

In addition, bifa will collect data from all process steps in order to assess the environmental impact of the intended innovations. Moreover, it will support partners with identifying waste streams that are costly and hard to recycle, and find opportunities to repurpose those waste products in the solar or other industries.


to the fourth process step
module design

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